Gladstone State Development Area
Declared in 1993, the Gladstone State Development Area (SDA), located north-west of Gladstone, is a defined area of land dedicated for industrial development and materials transportation infrastructure.
Comprising of 26,934 hectares of land adjacent to the Port of Gladstone, with connections to major rail networks and Australia's national highway, the Gladstone SDA is the ideal investment location for projects of national and international significance.
The Gladstone SDA is open for business
The Gladstone SDA is perfectly positioned to meet the needs of large scale projects as evidenced by the major industries that are established within the SDA. The Gladstone SDA is currently home to:
- Rio Tinto (formerly Comalco) alumina refinery
- Orica chemical manufacturing complex
- Transpacific Industries waste management and recycling facility
- Australia Pacific LNG
- Santos Gladstone LNG
- Queensland Curtis LNG
- Southern Oil's northern oil refinery.
The extensive list of types of business, industry and infrastructure below highlights the diverse range of industrial developments the Gladstone SDA is ready to accommodate:
- large-scale, large-footprint industrial development, including new and emerging industries
- industrial development requiring access to strategic port logistics and maritime facilities
- port-related activities
- industries to support major industrial development
- materials transportation infrastructure and utility and service infrastructure
- gas transportation infrastructure and other compatible infrastructure.
Benefits of the Gladstone SDA
The Gladstone SDA provides many benefits to business and industry seeking to invest in Queensland including:
- access to the Port of Gladstone, Queensland's largest multi-commodity port, handling more than 30 different products
- proximity to rail with linkages to Brisbane, Rockhampton and the coal mines in the Bowen Basin
- extensive road networks with access points to the Bruce and Dawson Highways and direct access to the Port of Gladstone for the transportation of heavy goods without impacting Gladstone's dense population areas
- greater planning and development certainty for project proponents
- fast-tracking economic development through efficient processing of applications and requests
- best practice land-use planning and management - ensuring land and infrastructure assets are, and remain, attractive to existing occupants and potential investors
- more efficient use of land including the creation of a dedicated multi-user infrastructure corridor for linear materials transportation and services to link infrastructure to industries within the Gladstone SDA and the Port of Gladstone
- the majority of land within the SDA is within State ownership (owned by either the Coordinator-General or the Minister for Economic Development Queensland)
- access to a diverse skilled workforce within the Gladstone region
- concentration of industrial development in selected areas, thereby minimising or avoiding:
- environmental impacts
- loss of amenity
- infrastructure duplications
- transport conflicts.
Managed by the Coordinator-General, the Gladstone SDA supports economic development in a way that considers environmental, cultural and social issues as well as existing industry and surrounding infrastructure within the region.
The Gladstone State Development Area Development Scheme ( 1.6 MB) is a regulatory document that controls planning and development within the Gladstone SDA. First approved by the Governor in Council in 2001, the development scheme has been amended numerous times. The current version was approved in May 2022 following an extensive strategic review.
The development scheme contains a development assessment framework for making, assessing and deciding applications and requests relating to development within the Gladstone SDA, predominately land use and operational work for the clearing of native vegetation.
The development scheme is supported by a Public consultation policy ( 65 KB) that provides information on matters the Coordinator-General may consider when determining whether public consultation of an SDA application is required.
The Gladstone SDA regulation map ( 2.9 MB) defines the boundary of the declared Gladstone SDA.
The Gladstone SDA development precinct map ( 2.9 MB) forms part of the development scheme and identifies the precincts within the Gladstone SDA.
Industry precincts within the Gladstone SDA account for approximately 13,350 hectares and include land designated for:
- port related industry
- high impact industry
- medium impact industry.
Other precincts within the Gladstone SDA provide for:
- a materials transportation and services corridor to accommodate linear infrastructure
- protection of land for future industrial development, linear infrastructure and linear infrastructure corridor opportunities
- environmental management.
Approximately 1620 hectares of the Gladstone SDA on Curtis Island has been set aside as an environmental management precinct. The land is owned by the Coordinator-General, and the Department of Environment and Science is responsible for its management.
Previous versions of the Gladstone SDA Development Scheme:
- Development scheme for the Gladstone State Development Area (November 2015) ( 9.2 MB)
- Development scheme for the Gladstone State Development Area (September 2012) ( 264 KB)
- Development scheme for the Gladstone State Development Area (December 2010) ( 186 KB)
- Development scheme for the Gladstone State Development Area (July 2008) ( 268 KB)
Previous version of the regulation map:
Testimonial: LNG industry milestone for Gladstone State Development Area
Five years after receiving project approval from the Coordinator-General, Australia Pacific LNG (APLNG) celebrated the first shipment of liquefied natural gas (LNG) leaving its facility in Gladstone on January 9, 2016. Origin's Group Manager Pipelines & Networks Operations, David Johnson shares with us his experience in working with the Office of the Coordinator-General throughout the project.
Located nine kilometres north-west of Gladstone, the APLNG plant on Curtis Island is one of three LNG plant and pipeline projects facilitated by the Coordinator-General within the Gladstone State Development Area (SDA) and the Callide Infrastructure Corridor SDA.
As a joint venture between Origin, ConocoPhillips and Sinopec, the APLNG project includes a processing plant and export facility and 750 kilometres of underground gas transmission pipelines from the Walloons Gasfields.
To help facilitate the LNG projects, the Coordinator-General extended and varied the Gladstone SDA to include land on Curtis Island, where the LNG plants are now located, and identified a multi-user infrastructure corridor to contain underground gas transmission pipelines through to the plant sites on Curtis Island. The Coordinator-General also declared the Callide Infrastructure Corridor SDA to provide for the transportation of coal seam gas (CSG) to the Gladstone SDA, via underground transmission pipelines.
David Johnson said the Office of the Coordinator-General's facilitation of the development provided a valuable benefit to the delivery of the project and ongoing operation of the assets.
“The coordinated approach by the Office of the Coordinator-General was paramount in achieving project milestones by ensuring APLNG, landholders and the general community were adequately consulted; desired outcomes were effectively negotiated; and Government, gas proponents, landholders and the community worked together to achieve a common goal,” David said.
The Coordinator-General's SDA team worked with APLNG, along with other gas proponents for the Gladstone LNG Project and the Queensland Curtis LNG Project to coordinate the assessments and access to land for the three projects, while reducing impacts on the community and environment within the Gladstone SDA and the Callide Infrastructure Corridor.
David said the SDA licences in the common corridor provided structure and process, allowing the three gas proponents to achieve a coordinated approach rather than trying to negotiate individual outcomes with common landholders.
“Without the coordination and development of a common corridor facilitated by the Coordinator-General's team, it would have been left to gas proponents to individually negotiate easements with respective landholders. This would have caused considerable and unnecessary stress on individual landholders.
“The certainty of access for construction within the SDA also meant that construction methods, materials and design could be managed more effectively in a common corridor, with less impact on landholders.
“The regular meetings, as required under the corridor licences, between gas proponents and the SDA team coordinators, provided a forum for gas proponents to discuss any issues or concerns they may have had whereby each could learn from and ensure that design and construction efficiencies from a coordinated approach between proponents could be identified. This was vital to the successful construction of all three transmission pipelines in a timely manner.”
David said his experience with the APLNG project demonstrated that the Gladstone SDA and Callide Infrastructure Corridor offered definite economic and social benefits to business, industry and the community.
“Hubs such as Gladstone were able to take advantage of the increased employment and procurement opportunities. Local businesses such as hotels, restaurants, supermarkets, transport and construction saw benefits from increased trade and in turn were able to create additional employment opportunities.
“By recognising the emerging CSG-LNG export industry and supporting a dedicated LNG precinct on Curtis Island, Queensland is building a world class LNG industry for Australia.”
A significant portion of land within the Gladstone SDA is owned by the state government. The Coordinator-General owns 8217 hectares of land and the Minister for Economic Development Queensland (EDQ) owns 14,816 hectares of land within the Gladstone SDA. View the land ownership map ( 1.9 MB).
For more information on the land owned by the Coordinator-General contact the Office of the Coordinator-General on 1800 001 048. The Coordinator-General's land holdings include land for multi-user infrastructure corridors, industrial development and buffer areas.
Visit the EDQ Industrial Development website to view industrial land available for sale and lease within the Gladstone SDA from the Minister for Economic Development Queensland.
The land use protocol ( 11.3 MB) sets out the procedures governing access to, exit from, and use of the Materials Transportation and Services Corridor precinct of the Gladstone SDA. The protocol applies to all persons authorised, permitted, or licensed to use the Materials Transportation and Services Corridor precinct.
- Gladstone SDA – proposed variation to the SDA boundary and draft development scheme fact sheet – September 2021 ( 135.3 KB)
For further information on SDAs, refer to our general fact sheets and guidelines .
Last updated: 16 Mar 2023